Need Of The Hour – Proper Sanitation & Its Impact On The Environment


healthImproper sanitation has a significant impact on the environment, leading to pollution of water sources, soil, and air. It can cause a wide range of environmental problems, including the transmission of diseases, degradation of natural ecosystems, and depletion of natural resources.

One of the most significant environmental impacts of improper sanitation is water pollution. When human waste and wastewater are not adequately treated or disposed of, they can contaminate water sources, leading to the transmission of diseases and the depletion of aquatic ecosystems. For example, untreated sewage can lead to the growth of harmful bacteria and algae in rivers and lakes, which can reduce oxygen levels and kill fish and other aquatic organisms.

And before we dig deeper, it is important to understand the basics. 

What Is Sanitation?

Proper sanitation is essential for maintaining a healthy and safe living environment. It refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human waste, solid waste, and wastewater. One of the primary reasons why sanitation is important is because it can prevent the spread of diseases. 

Moreover, proper sanitation practices promote good hygiene, reducing the risk of infection and illness. This is particularly important in public places such as schools, hospitals, and workplaces, where large numbers of people gather and interact. Sanitation facilities such as hand-washing stations, toilets, and waste disposal systems can help prevent the transmission of germs and bacteria, reducing the incidence of illness and absenteeism


Poor sanitation can lead to the contamination of water sources, soil, and air, which can result in the transmission of infectious diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, and typhoid. These diseases can be fatal if left untreated, particularly in areas with limited access to healthcare. Improper disposal of human waste and solid waste can lead to pollution of water sources and soil, which can have a negative impact on the environment and public health.


The Need for Proper Sanitation


Here are some reasons why proper sanitation is essential:


  1. Preventing the spread of diseases: Poor sanitation can lead to the spread of infectious diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, and typhoid, which can be fatal if left untreated.
  2. Promoting good hygiene: Proper sanitation practices promote good hygiene, reducing the risk of infection and illness. Antiseptics and disinfectants are both widely used to control infections. They kill microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi using chemicals called biocides. One important aspect to keep in mind is the basic difference between antiseptic and disinfectant. Disinfectants are used to kill germs on non-living surfaces whereas antiseptics kill microorganisms on your skin.
  3. Environmental protection: Proper sanitation practices prevent the contamination of water sources, soil, and air, reducing the impact of pollution on the environment.
  4. Enhancing quality of life: Access to proper sanitation facilities improves the quality of life of individuals, particularly women, and girls, who may face discrimination, harassment, and violence when forced to use inadequate facilities.
  5. Economic benefits: Proper sanitation can lead to economic benefits such as increased productivity, reduced healthcare costs, and improved tourism.

How Can You Ensure Proper Sanitation?


Ensuring proper sanitation requires a combination of measures, including access to adequate sanitation facilities, proper waste management practices, and effective hygiene promotion. 

Here are some ways to ensure proper sanitation:

  1. Provide access to adequate sanitation facilities: Governments, organizations, and individuals must work together to provide access to adequate sanitation facilities, such as toilets, hand-washing stations, and waste disposal systems.
  2. Promote proper waste management practices: Proper waste management practices, such as recycling, composting, and safe disposal of hazardous waste, can help reduce the impact of improper sanitation on the environment. Governments and organizations should promote and invest in sustainable waste management practices that reduce the amount of waste generated and promote recycling and reuse.
  3. Educate and promote hygiene: Effective hygiene promotion can help prevent the spread of diseases and promote good hygiene practices. This includes educating communities on the importance of hand-washing, safe food handling, and proper sanitation practices.
  4. Develop and implement sanitation policies: Governments and organizations should develop and implement policies and regulations that promote proper sanitation practices and ensure that adequate sanitation facilities are accessible to all. 
  5. Monitor and evaluate sanitation programs: Regular monitoring and evaluation of sanitation programs can help ensure that they are effective and responsive to the needs of the community. This includes tracking progress toward sanitation goals, identifying areas of improvement, and addressing challenges and barriers to implementation.

Therefore, antiseptic creams are a common and effective treatment for infections that may result from improper sanitation. These creams work by killing bacteria and preventing further infection.

What Is An Antiseptic Cream?

An antiseptic cream is a topical medication that is used to prevent or treat infections. These creams typically contain an active ingredient, such as benzalkonium chloride or chlorhexidine, which works by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms that can cause infections.

When applied to the skin, the antiseptic cream forms a protective barrier that helps prevent the spread of infection and promotes healing. The cream also helps to soothe and moisturize the affected area, reducing inflammation and discomfort.




In conclusion, sanitation is a critical aspect of public health and environmental sustainability. Proper sanitation practices can prevent the spread of diseases, promote good hygiene, protect the environment, and improve the quality of life of individuals and communities. It is essential that governments, organizations, and individuals work together to ensure that sanitation facilities and services are accessible, affordable, and sustainable for all.